Air Pollution in Developing Countries

  1. Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming

    Smith KR, Desai MA, Rogers JV, Houghton RA. Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2013). http://doi:10.1073/pnas.1308004110

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  2. Improving stove evaluation using survey data: Who received which intervention matters

    Mueller V, Pfaff A, Peabody J, Liu Y, Smith KR. Improving stove evaluation using survey data: Who received which intervention matters. Ecological Economics 93:301-312 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.06.001.

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  3. Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980-2010

    Bonjour S, Adair-Rohani H, Wolf J, Bruce NG, Mehta S, Pruss-Ustun A, Lahiff M, Rehfuess EA, Mishra V, and Smith KR. Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980-2010. Environ Health Perspect 121:784-790 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205987.

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  4. Pollution: An innovation prize for clean cookstoves

    Nature, 497: 317, May 16, 2013 • Ambuj D. Sagar (IIT Delhi) & Kirk R. Smith (UC Berkeley)

    A radical shift in engine technology in the 1970s (Honda’s CVCC) drastically cut motor-vehicle emissions. A comparable game-changer could solve an even bigger pollution problem today.

    Household air pollution from the traditional biomass-burning stoves used in many developing countries is the world’s largest environmental-health threat, leading to 4 million premature deaths annually (S. S. Lim et al. Lancet 380, 2224–2260; 2012). We propose that a multimillion-dollar innovation prize should be set up, funded by governments or private philanthropy, to rapidly bring cleaner, more efficient and affordable stoves to poor people.

    The competition would attract the world’s best combustion scientists and engineers, and would help to take the current efforts of non-governmental organizations, small companies and academics to the next level (see S. Anenberg et al. Nature 490, 343; 2012).

    The prize would be awarded for a durable, low-emission biomass-combustion unit ­ the ‘heart of the hearth’ ­ rather than for the stove itself. Stove designs could then be adapted around this to meet local requirements.

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  5. Acute Lower Respiratory Infection in Childhood and Household Fuel Use in Bhaktapur, Nepal

    Bates MN, Chandyo RK, Valentiner-Branth P, Pokhrel AK, Mathisen M, Basnet S, Shrestha PS, Strand TA, Smith KR. Acute Lower Respiratory Infection in Childhood and Household Fuel Use in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Environ Health Perspect 121:637-642 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205491 [online 19 March 2013]
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  6. Longitudinal Relationship between Personal CO and Personal PM2.5 among Women Cooking with Woodfired Cookstoves in Guatemala

    McCracken JP, Schwartz J, Diaz A, Bruce N, Smith KR (2013) Longitudinal Relationship between Personal CO and Personal PM2.5 among Women Cooking with Woodfired Cookstoves in Guatemala. PLoS ONE 8(2): e55670. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055670
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  7. A low-cost particle counter as a realtime fine-particle mass monitor

    Northcross AL, Edwards RJ, Johnson MA, Wang ZM, Zhu K, Allen T, Smith KR. A low-cost particle counter as a realtime fine-particle mass monitor. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013, 15 433.
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  8. Biomass Stoves and Lens Opacity and Cataract in Nepalese Women

    Pokhrel AK, Bates MN, Shrestha SP, Bailey IL, DiMartino RB, Smith KR. Biomass Stoves and Lens Opacity and Cataract in Nepalese Women. Optometry and Vision Science, Vol. 90, No. 3, March 2013.
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  9. Household air pollution and stillbirths in India: Analysis of the DLHS-II National Survey

    Lakshmi PVM, Virdi NK, Sharma A, Tripathy JP, Smith KR, Bates MN, Kumar R. Household air pollution and stillbirths in India: Analysis of the DLHS-II National Survey. Environmental Research 121 (2013) 17–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2012.12.004
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  10. Energy and Human Health

    Smith KR, Frumkin H, Balakrishnan K, Butler CD, Chafe ZA, Fairlie I, Kinney P, Kjellstrom T, Mauzerall DL, McKone TE, McMichael AJ, Schneider M. Energy and Human Health. Annu. Rev. Public Health 2013. 34:25.1–25.30
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